Properties of Stainless Steel Tubing


Stainless steel Tubing:
Stainless steels are extremely corrosion resistant and durable, iron based alloys. These have chromium mixed with iron. The percentage of chromium varies, however a minimum of 11.5 % is found in all stainless steel. The chromium content in the alloy determines its resistance to oxidation, corrosion and heat resistant properties. Higher the percentage of chromium, greater are all these features of stainless steel which make it extremely durable and also an ideal choice for making stainless steel tubes and pipes.
Other elements such as nickel might be added to the alloy to further customize its properties. Stainless tubing and stainless steel pipes are used extensively in the applications where the tubing has to be exposed to chemicals that might corrode it or to high temperatures which might melt other metals. There are several grades of stainless steel which are made by varying the carbon content in the alloy. It is important to analyze the features of these types of steel before using them for stainless steel pipes or tubes.

Types of Stainless Steel:
304 stainless steel has a maximum carbon content of 0.08%. This type of stainless steel tube is widely used in refineries, chemical plants and food processing industries as they are extremely resistant to corrosion. However, care should to be taken to avoid using 304 stainless steel in applications where their temperatures might range between 800°F and 1650°F as these temperatures can cause carbide precipitation in the tubing leading to failure of applications and corrosion. Other types include 304L, 316 and type 318. These have varying carbon contents and unique features which make them invaluable for some uses while making them unsuitable for some other applications. Square tubes made of stainless steel are extremely popular. Such square tubes are very economical. They are also light weight with high intensity and can be installed easily. All of this makes them ideal for usage in medical instruments, airplanes and automobiles.

Bending of Stainless Steel Tubes:
Stainless steel tubes are capable of bending without breaking. Tube bending for small thickness tubes is an extremely painstaking process which can only be managed by modern state of the art equipments. Tube bending of stainless steels tubes and pipes having such low diameters as 0.125” to 3” is also possible with modern machines such as mandrels. This machine can bend such low diameter tubes without any distortions occurring at the bent area, which makes them invaluable for usage in thin wall tubing and other such tight radius applications. Tube and Wire Cutting are capable of meeting all your tubing requirements and can also provide customized tubes which are precision cut, bent and beveled as per you needs.