Manufacturing process and Applications For Stainless Steel Straightened Wire

Anyone who regularly works in either the medical or manufacturing fields has probably used lengths of stainless steel straightened wire from time to time during their work day. But do you know what goes into manufacturing these handy devices? Quite possibly one of the first known recycling operations that created something new out of something used, the process that is involved in its manufacturing is fascinating, and we will outline it for you here, so that you understand how it is made, as well as how it is commonly used.
Want to know more about stainless steel straightened wire, and how it could benefit your business? Contact the experts at Precision Tube and Wire today and we will give you a full breakdown of applications, lengths and costs.

How Stainless Steel Straightened Wire is Made
Whenever you fabricate metal, especially stainless steel, there is scrap and because processing can be costly, to be able to reuse material to create another product in a clean manner can be a bonus. By utilizing a vacuum arc, the original wire and mesh scraps from other fabrications can be re-melted to make fresh stainless steel wire.
During the process, the metal is segregated from the melt through the use of ambient gases, producing a much cleaner wire than originally, one that is free from any nonmetallic inclusions that can be picked up during fabrication, like nitrogen and oxygen. The resulting stainless steel wire will have anywhere from 17 to 19 percent chromium in the mix, as well as only an average of 8 to 10 percent nickel in its content. Some fabricators will then add silicon to the resulting alloy to give it a resistance to scaling, as well.

After Fabrication
The resulting stainless steel wire can be formed into smaller diameters during processing, creating specialized purpose diameters of .005" to .104". It can then be cut into coil wire, cut wire lengths, tempered into springs, or produced as straightened wire with a bright finish. The most common application after fabrication of this re-melted product is for it to be straightened, with one end twisted and formed into a loop, so that the construct can be used as a guide wire for a host of uses in industry.

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Many Uses for Guide Wires
With the added capability of the smaller dimensions available, the most common use for stainless steel straightened wire lies within the medical industry. The very small guide wires can be used in conjunction with hypodermic tubes to insert sensor wiring through surgery, or small cameras for non-surgical observation of internal organs. When a stent is inserted into a beating heart, one of these guide wires would be used to get it there, for example, with the hypodermic inserted through the skin, and the guide wire carrying the stent pushed into the bloodstream leading directly to the heart.

In a conscious effort to reduce waste from costly metal fabrications, a new product was born through the creation of stainless steel straightened wire. By reforming it through the use of a vacuum arc, the end product is strong, flexible, and free of chemical additives.